The heart pumps blood throughout the body; this blood exerts pressure over the walls of the arteries; this pressure exerted is known as blood pressure. Blood pressure differs through age and sex. As one grows old, the blood pressure tends to rise. Knowing the average blood pressure for different ages and its effects is highly important. It is crucial to see the effect blood pressure has on one’s body.
Have you ever seen a blood pressure reading? If yes, then you may have noticed that blood reading consists of two numbers – for example, 120/90 mm Hg.
The reading on top is the systolic pressure. It is the pressure exerted on your arteries when your heart beats. The reading on the bottom is the diastolic pressure. This is the pressure on your arteries between every heartbeat. Before the invention of electric pressure gauges, mercury pressure gauges were used, and the unit of measure, mm Hg, stands for “millimeters of mercury.” Although mercury gauges are no longer in use, the abbreviation is still used.
Effects Of High Blood Pressure
The effects of high blood pressure are pretty severe. High blood pressure is most likely to be the cause of:
- Vision loss
- Kidney failure
- Heart attack
- Heart failure
- Erectile dysfunction
What Is The Normal BP According To Age
Blood pressure is the pressure exerted by blood on the artery walls as the blood is pumped through the body. It is caused due to the contraction of the heart muscles. The first recording is the systolic pressure and is measured after a heartbeat when the pressure is highest. The second reading, diastolic pressure, is measured between two heartbeats, which is when the pressure is at its lowest point. A bp cuff is to measure the blood pressure of an individual. Elevated blood pressure is called “hypertension.”
Average Blood Pressure by Age
Getting older brings many diseases. As you grow old, your body’s blood vessels become stiffer, and plaque-like fatty material can come in between them, increasing your blood pressure. With increased blood pressure, getting heart attacks and strokes also increases.
According to a study conducted by Lancet, the global average blood pressure in 2015 was 127/79 mm Hg in males and 122/77 mm Hg in women.
Between 2001 and 2008, researchers from the National Center for Health Statistics found that the average blood pressure among aged people in the United States was 122/71 mm Hg. Men had a 124/72 mm Hg breakpoint, whereas women had a breakpoint of 121/70 mm Hg. It increased with age and was much higher in African-Americans.
High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure has become one of the most common diseases among aged people. As age increases, the chances of hypertension also increases.
With the world becoming more competitive and demanding, the stress level of people is increasing at an alarming rate. With the increase in stress and age, the causes of hypertension are also growing. Many risk factors come with high blood pressure, which includes:
- Insufficient or no exercise: People who do not exercise regularly are more likely to develop hypertension and cardiovascular disease.
- Unhealthy diet: High-salt, sugar, saturated fat, and trans-fat diets have been related to high blood pressure and increased cardiovascular risk.
- Obesity: Being overweight or obese forces your heart to work harder to transport blood and oxygen throughout your body, thus making you more vulnerable to this disease.
- Tobacco exposure: Smoking or secondhand smoke can damage arteries and increase blood pressure.
- Excessive drinking: Regular drinking too much is associated with high blood pressure and other heart problems.
- Family history: High blood pressure often comes from the family. If your family has a background of high blood pressure, then there are high chances that you will also suffer from it.
- Age and gender: Males are more vulnerable to developing high blood pressure than women, but as age increases, everyone’s risk increases.
Elevated blood pressure is a common condition faced by many. Low or high blood pressure can lead to severe illnesses and complications of treatments. Being aware of reading blood pressure readings is highly advisable. It will help you avoid serious issues. In addition, if you suffer from high or low blood pressure, it is essential to consult a doctor.